rhizomatic rupture | colored pencils, crayons, markers, watercolors, mixed print media, googley eyes, vinyl, glue, matte medium on paper | 19 x 24 in. (48.3 x 61 cm) | 2015
in-finite dimensions | colored pencils, crayons, watercolors, mixed print media, googley eyes | 19 x 24 in. (48.3 x 61 cm) | 2015
liminal entanglement | colored pencils, crayons, watercolors, markers, mixed print media, glue, matte medium on paper | 19 x 24 in. (48.3 x 61 cm) | 2015
carnal abomination | mixed print media and fabric, glue, matte medium on wood | 19 3/4″ x 42 1/2″
whole order of the entire natural creation | mixed print media, paper, paint, faux snakeskin leather material, glue, matte medium on wood | 17 1/2″ x 35″
devils in assumed aerial bodies flying like birds | mixed print media, vinyl, faux snakeskin leather material, glue, matte medium on wood | 25″ x 32″
nullify the charms | print media images of birds and snakes, glues, matte medium on wood | 18″ diameter
photo album view
photo album view
photo album view
WWII, Ukrainians welcomed Hitler, as they believed he could liberate them from Stalin’s regime | He quickly took advantage of this and proceeded with more oppression, execution, and imprisonment
Stalin’s Great Terror, 1937-1938, purged hundreds of thousands due to class and nation | The kulaks are stigmatized, repressed, and never become “prosperous peasants.” Survivors sent to concentration camps
A farmer weeps in the fields | Meanwhile, Kiev burns. For whose “freedom”?
Women have to clear the damage from Kiev’s 1943 destruction | The villagers go to school as Bolsheviks march in, following a brief state of independence in 1918
The Ukrainian peasant was bound to resist a policy (collectivized agriculture) designed to take away land and freedom | Stalin announced, at this time, that kulaks will be “liquidated as a class”
To be clear– Stalinism is not communism or socialism. Nikita Khrushchev, his successor, tried to reverse this, but mostly failed | Khrushchev was actually responsible for many purges before, during, and after WWII, including Vinnytsia
More city people demonstrate for independence outside of L’viv KGB headquarters, Summer 1990 | Police break up demonstration outside of Parliament, 1990. Is it for the sovereignty of all? Some seem to be disposable
Orange Revolution, 2005. Viktor Yushchenko elected as president and Ukrainian people’s “victory” over corrupt leadership | This was a middle class movement. Regardless of exclusion of working class: Did this revolution succeed?
Whose struggle is it? Democracy for whom? What does it mean to be independent? | Farmers sit around listening to newspaper articles being read
Ва краще життя. Ukrainians have struggled for their entire existence. These events are cyclical, continuous problems arise. | Independence Square, Kiev. Protester Barricades, Kiev. Will this independence ever be “reality”? Who is really free?
Autumn, several years in a row– armed men came to the village and took the harvest. An average day in 1933: 40,000 people wait in line for bread | The dying were peasants, whose labor brought the only bread there was to the city
Independence Square, Kiev, Ukraine | Simon Petliura (L) leads struggle for independence after Bolshevik Revolution in 1917
Summer 1991, protest demanding freedom for Ukraine–just before its gain of independence in August | Students hunger strike, dissatisfied with lack of democracy and Soviet Union’s influence, October 1990
New York City demonstrations for Ukrainian freedom. Freedom is a vague term | Ottawa demonstrations in solidarity with political prisoners
The Chernobyl disaster in April 1986 directly affected collective farms within the area | Not only that, but workers in the area had to attempt to clear the scene
The city dwellers protest | Yulia Tymoshenko, former prime minister, imprisoned for abuse of power | This smiling woman holds onto her cabbage crops, but does she really?
The “breadbasket of Europe” fertile lands of invisible farmers | Demonstration of city people for a democratic election system in Ukraine
Typical images of idealized cossacks do not represent accurately the working villagers and peasantry | However, the cossack is a vital representation of freedom in Ukrainian culture
Cossack Hetman Bohdon Khmelnytsky stands in Independence Square | The cossacks were democratic, and somewhat militaristic, they acknowledged no authority. They played a role in building an autonomous Ukrainian state.
Who does democracy actually consider?
The Ukrainian diaspore often intervenes (or tries to) into various political affairs | Stalin’s regime left political prisoners, usually kulaks, in prison camps as “enemies of the state,” and their families by association